Preventive maintenance in Ophthalmology
Preventive maintenance is often ignored, because it seems like a useless expense. Periodic checks, on the other hand, are recommended in all your equipment manuals because they guarantee safe and reliable use. Laser equipment must be installed and checked by qualified personnel, none of us would like to undergo treatments without being sure that the delivery is correct. Applanation tonometers are precision scales used to diagnose glaucoma and must be calibrated at least once a year and checked by you periodically with the test rod. Periodic maintenance also protects against any inconvenience that may occur following a check by the local health authorities. It is mandatory to check the diagnostic equipment once every two years. For laser surgery, on the other hand, the checks must be performed once a year unless otherwise specified by the manufacturers.
ART 217 of D.lgs 81/2008
Art. 217. Provisions aimed at eliminating or reducing risks
1. If the risk assessment referred to in Article 17, paragraph 1, letter a), shows that the exposure limit values can be exceeded, the employer defines and implements an action program which includes technical and/or organizational measures aimed at preventing exposure from exceeding the limit values, taking into account in particular:
a) other working methods involving less exposure to optical radiation;
b) the choice of equipment which emits less optical radiation, taking into account the work to be performed;
c) technical measures to reduce the emission of optical radiation, including, when necessary, the use of safety devices, shielding or similar health protection mechanisms;
d) suitable maintenance programs for work equipment, places and workstations;
e) the design and structure of workplaces and workstations;
f) limitation of the duration and level of exposure;
g) the availability of adequate personal protective equipment;
h) the instructions from the equipment manufacturer.
2. On the basis of the risk assessment referred to in Article 216, workplaces where workers could be exposed to levels of optical radiation exceeding the action values must be indicated with appropriate signage. These areas are also identified and access to them is limited, where this is technically possible.
3. The employer adapts the measures referred to in this article to the needs of workers belonging to groups particularly sensitive to risk.